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...

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...

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...

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it's truly amazing

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the number of conditions that respond
favorably cannabis

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We are looking at an

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unexcelled wonder plant

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an herbal medicine that has

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no comparison

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It would appear that cannabis and hemp 

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were one of the first plants grown in agriculture

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we came out of being hunters and gatherers
at about ten thousand years ago

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and so that's at least the length of
time a cannabis has been cultivated

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Cannabis

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has long been known

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aas a medicinal

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plant

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as a medicinal product

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the latest studies or the latest findings
are

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a tomb in china in which the contents of
the medicine bag of a medicine man

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were discovered one of the things it contained 

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was cannabis

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The tomb was carbon dated as 

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almost 5000 years old

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the conventional wisdom

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which goes to the oral history of
china

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is that the emperor Shennong wrote
first chinese materia medica

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and that it contained

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cannabis

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He is alleged to have written it in 2637 bc which would be

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almost 5000 years ago

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the oldest known copy of that goes back to
some ranging about 100 bc and 100 ad

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100 bc and 100 ad

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the oldest actual written record of the

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use of cannabis as a medicine 

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is found

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in the writings of the Indian as in been
India ayurvedic medicine

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In which that

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a piece of  history is dated eight
somewhere between 1100 bc

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and 1700 bc

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Cannabis is found in every major materia
medica that has ever been written

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that includes the Ebers Medical Papyrus from Egypt

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It includes the writing of Dioscorides who
was Niro's Doctor

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and

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his materia medica was used for over a
 1000 years

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and it was included in the united states
for pharacopeia

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from

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1854 until 1941

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Marijuana 

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has been a medicine for a lot longer
than it hasn't been a medicine

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evidence suggests that it was used

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in northern china

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for either

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shamanists purposes or religion or
healing

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The culture of cannabis as medicine

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moved across the world

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india was very big in the use of marijuana
It was from India where

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W.B. Oshaughnessy who

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work for the British East India Company

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picked up cannabis and brought it to the united
kingdom where apparently it was queen

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victoria's favorite uh... treatment for
her menstrual cramps. Ultimately it came

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to the U.S.A in the early part of the
twentieth-century and most of the major drug

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companies in this country were actually
producing

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cannabis medicine

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Up until the beginning of the twentieth
century

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cannabis was probably the second or
third most commonly used medicine

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in the world.

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Cannabis was found in patent medicines
that were

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manufactured by such familiar names is
Eli Lilly

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Squibb

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Merk, Park Davis

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Smith Brothers you know the Smith Brothers 
cough drops

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It was available 
powdered, chopped and whole 

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as tincture.

It was only in



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1937 when congress
enacted the

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marijuana tax act. That imposed

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levy of the dollar an ounce for the
use of medical marijuana that
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was the beginning

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of the end for marijuana as a medicine
in the united states. it was in 1942

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1942

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when it was totally removed from the US Pharmacopeia or at least the formulary

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but up until 1942
physicians could still write prescriptions for

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cannabis so

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marijuana has not been a
medicine for sixty eight years in this

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country, but it has been a medicine in
the world for 3000 years

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it was the

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miss

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conception that use of marijuana lead
to

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debotury and physical violence

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and for that reason

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I guess the investigator would probably be
more conservative than an they

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are now and that's hard to believe

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So was considered 

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the way alcohol was

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considered in prohibition.

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So it was prohibited, all uses of marijuana.  It
had been used medicinally

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as well as for recreation

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as well as for recreation

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All uses were 

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declared illegal and marijuana was
given the status of a schedule #1

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substances. Which means a

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Substance that is without any recognized demonsterable
Theraputic effect.

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As opposed to Cocaine

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which was also

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and

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declared legal for
recreational use but still having

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Medicinal properties.

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Which is used as a local anesthetic

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For which it is still used today.
That's Schedule #2

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When the marijuana tax act was passed in
1937

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immediately Fiorello LaGuardia who was the mayor of new york established

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an august body of scientists to
investigate whether the claims that

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marijuana use was going to increase
mental illness and crime

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in the united states were valid

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and the LaGuardia commission report was

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issued in 1942 and they
concluded

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that marijuana was a a good medicine

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and that the claims that it's use would
increase crime and mental illness was

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unsubstantiated. 
Prohibition 

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can not be enforced

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for the simple reason

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the majority of American people do not want it enforced 
and are resisting it's enforcement.

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That being so

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the orderly thing to do

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under our form of government

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is to abolish a law

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chich cannot be in enforced

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a law which the people of the country do not want enforced.

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So that sentement was

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repeated in 1962 when
the Nixon marijuana commission

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of wrote their report.

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This was in the face of the
admonition by president nixon that they

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not

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recommend

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the legalization

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of cannabis for recreational use.

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sufficient

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There is a Commission that is to make recommendations to me
about this subject.... 
The recommendation of the

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commission in its first report is that
we do not feel

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that private use or  private possession
in one's own home

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should have the stigma of
criminalization.

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People who experiment should not be
criminalized for that particular

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behavior.

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Every ten years or so our government
has sponsored

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another look into marijuana as medicine.

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The last one actually now being 1999

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when the Institute of Medicine did it. Every ten
years

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these august bodies come up with the
same conclusion, that

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there is medicinal

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value to marijuana.

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its adverse effects and

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its addictive potential

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gateway drugness are overstated

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and for some reason every ten years
these reports go... 

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I don't know if they are 

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ignored, but they certainly don't seem to
change policy.

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In 1974

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a fellow with glaucoma named Robert Randell

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was arrested for possession of marijuana.

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He had found a using marijuana had

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diminished

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the symptoms that he was having

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and

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it was later found

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by both Johns Hopkins and the Jule
Styne eye institute of UCLA

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that this was the only thing that would
preserve his eyesight

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and the federal government then agreed
to provide

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Mr. Randell with marijuana for medical
purposes.

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He had made an agreement, or the government
thought he had made an agreement not to

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tell anybody about this. Well as soon as it
happened he told as many people as he could

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and
people begin to apply for this program

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which is called the IND (Investigational New Drug) program.

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At one time there were as many as
15  americans to were receiving

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300 hand rolled marijuana
cigarettes a month

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from the federal government

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There were another 35 people
who were approved

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for the program.

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In 1989 the

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first Bush administration 

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decided that they needed to review this

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They were concerned that

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too many people were applying for the
program and if too many people got on it

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and if too many people got on it

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the public might get the quote "wrong
idea"

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that marijuana actually had some medical
value which of course it actually does

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have some medical value.

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just prior to that time in 1988

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the chief administrative law judge of
the food and drug administration

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issued a ruling recommending that
marijuana be rescheduled from schedule #1 to

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schedule #2.

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In his ruling

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ruling he found that marijuana was one
of the safest therapeutic agents known

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to man

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and he stated that it was safer than
eating 10 potatoes.

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So I've always been very careful about
the number of potatoes I've eaten since

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then.

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Marijuana was widely used in the
19th century with the treatment of Asthma.

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and in the 1970's we found that

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marijuana

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has a Bronchodilator Effect.

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This is because the THC in marijuana.

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First of all

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let's

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compare and contrast

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marijuana

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with the other even more widely smoke
substance in our society tobacco.

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Tobacco was use more there than any
other smoke substance and marijuana is

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second only to tobacco.

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Lucy give me a cigarette will ya honey....

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...

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...

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...

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...

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...

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You see how easy it is to keep your man happy.

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Why not give your husband a carton of cigarettes.

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Smart move

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He will love them for their mild and smooth taste.

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He will love you too for thinking of him.

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...

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We know that if you analyse

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the contests of tobacco and marijuana
they are quite similar and the major difference is

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that tobacco contains nicotine

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not found in in marijuana

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and marijuana contains THC and
about 60 other THC like

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substances called Cannabinoids

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not found in tobacco

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but there are other a lot of other
particulars are shared in common

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and these include carcinogens 

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such as Benzo Pyrene the most potent of the
carcinogens and considered

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to be responsible for a large
precentage of human cancers.

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Benzopyrene is found

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in 50 percent higher concentration in
marijuana smoke than in the smoke from a

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comparable quantity of tobacco.

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This has been shown by 3 separate
groups of chemical investigators so the

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expectation is

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that if you smoke marijuana enough in and on a
regular basis

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you would

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encourage similar risks to smoking
tobacco.

0:13:31.040,0:13:34.830
So what are the major health risk for
tobacco

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emphysema which I prefer to call COPD

0:13:38.290,0:13:38.639
which is

0:13:38.639,0:13:40.160
the new term.

0:13:40.160,0:13:44.340
Which consists of cronic emphysema.
You can have significant

0:13:44.340,0:13:49.450
imparement of lung function without emphysema
it could just be air ways disease.

0:13:49.450,0:13:50.950


0:13:50.950,0:13:54.330
Because we can't separate out the
2 components of COPD

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emphysema and the airways
component we lumped in together so

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that COPD

0:14:01.010,0:14:04.019
COPD is the 4th leading cause of
death

0:14:04.019,0:14:09.379
in the U.S. and the world and will become the 3rd leading
cause in 2020 it is a very important

0:14:09.379,0:14:12.300
diseas. About 120000
americans die

0:14:12.300,0:14:13.650
each year

0:14:13.650,0:14:14.950
 from

0:14:14.950,0:14:16.820
COPD.

0:14:16.820,0:14:19.870
probably the best evidence

0:14:19.870,0:14:20.230
for separating

0:14:20.230,0:14:24.450
or best method for separating out a

0:14:24.450,0:14:28.220
patient with COPD from someone else is to look at
the rate of decline in lung function.

0:14:28.220,0:14:33.550
I shouldn't say the best it's the probably the most informative.

0:14:33.550,0:14:37.110
But it's more difficult to do because you have to make
measurements every

0:14:37.110,0:14:44.110
year for a number of years. The slope of rate of loss of lung function over time. We did that.

0:14:44.530,0:14:49.460
We actually measured lung function every year in

0:14:49.460,0:14:51.060
 marijuana smokers up

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up to 8 years.

0:14:52.520,0:14:53.800
We found that

0:14:53.800,0:14:55.410
the slope of the

0:14:55.410,0:15:00.530
decline in lung function is almost
identical in the marijuana only smokers

0:15:00.530,0:15:05.290
compared to non-smokers. Where it was accellerated in
tobacco smokers.

0:15:05.290,0:15:06.399
Just one other

0:15:06.399,0:15:09.240
piece of evidence that marijuana

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is not a risk factor for the
development of COPD.

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I'm convinced of that.

0:15:13.790,0:15:16.090
and the other major health consequence

0:15:16.090,0:15:19.910
pulmonary health consequences of tobacco
is lung cancer.

0:15:19.910,0:15:23.100
Cancer is the 2nd most common cause of
death

0:15:23.100,0:15:23.920
in

0:15:23.920,0:15:24.540
the U.S.A.

0:15:24.540,0:15:27.930
and lung cancer is most common form of cancer.

0:15:27.930,0:15:32.570
The major risk factor for lung cancer is tobacco smoking.

0:15:32.570,0:15:36.930
About 160000 Americans die each year of lung cancer.

0:15:36.930,0:15:38.590
so the question

0:15:38.590,0:15:42.470
that came to my mind was whether or not there was any

0:15:42.470,0:15:43.550
evidence

0:15:43.550,0:15:46.980
that marijuana would at least
qualitatively share

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some of these health risks

0:15:49.040,0:15:52.160
with those of tobacco.

0:15:52.160,0:15:54.380
That was the rationale for

0:15:54.380,0:16:01.380
initiating our  studies back in the
1980's

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What is the evidence that

0:16:03.430,0:16:05.280
marijuana smoking

0:16:05.280,0:16:10.090
habbitual marijuana smoking can lead to lung
cancer(?) With respect to

0:16:10.090,0:16:12.540
the development of lung cancer

0:16:12.540,0:16:13.110
We found

0:16:13.110,0:16:18.480
We found no evidence of any increase
risk

0:16:18.480,0:16:21.190
of lung cancer

0:16:21.190,0:16:21.920
ocurrance,

0:16:21.920,0:16:25.570
In association with marijuana smoking
alone.

0:16:25.570,0:16:28.830
The marijuana smokers if  anything had a reduced risk for developing lung

0:16:28.830,0:16:33.140
cancer. Not a significant reduced risk
but a reduced risk

0:16:33.140,0:16:33.610
less than 1 fold.

0:16:33.610,0:16:36.280
So that means reduced.

0:16:36.280,0:16:42.360
Whereas the tobacco smokers had markably increased risk.

0:16:42.360,0:16:45.990
Those that smoked more than 2 packs a day

0:16:45.990,0:16:50.310
had a 20  fold increase in risk.
That is 2000 percent.

0:16:50.310,0:16:52.850
Those that smoked from one to two

0:16:52.850,0:16:55.889
packs a day had an 8 fold risk.

0:16:55.889,0:16:57.570
800 percent.

0:16:57.570,0:16:58.509
800 percent.

0:16:58.509,0:17:01.150
So that contrasts with

0:17:01.150,0:17:05.890
no risk, no increased risk, if anything a slightly reduced risk for smokers of marijuana

0:17:05.890,0:17:06.140
THC

0:17:06.069,0:17:07.839
 actually has a

0:17:07.839,0:17:10.410
anti-tumor effect.

0:17:10.410,0:17:15.060
These are studies that were done both
experimental animals and

0:17:15.060,0:17:19.750
in cell culture systems and for
different kinds of cancer.

0:17:19.750,0:17:25.390
For lung cancer, breast cancer, thyroid cancer, prostate cancer gliomas which is brain

0:17:25.390,0:17:26.780
cancer.

0:17:26.780,0:17:28.120
That the

0:17:28.120,0:17:32.670
development and growth of the tumor is suppressed

0:17:32.670,0:17:36.460
by THC and the mastastiees are also
suppressed.

0:17:36.460,0:17:41.180
So how could that be(?) well THC impares
protein synthesis

0:17:41.180,0:17:45.049
and it's what we call Antimitogenic anti-proliferative

0:17:45.049,0:17:48.010
which means those tumor cells don't 

0:17:48.010,0:17:49.780
readily proliferate

0:17:49.780,0:17:51.880
in the presence of THC.

0:17:51.880,0:17:52.250
There are also

0:17:52.250,0:17:54.240
There are also

0:17:54.240,0:17:55.539
antiangiogenic.

0:17:55.539,0:17:59.440
So they interfere with the growth and
development of new blood vessels are

0:17:59.440,0:18:01.970
necessary for it to spread.

0:18:01.970,0:18:07.180
and they also are Proapototic.
What is a Proapototic (?)  It is

0:18:07.180,0:18:09.230
programmed cell death so

0:18:09.230,0:18:09.860
when cells

0:18:09.860,0:18:14.950
age there is a mechanism whereby the
cells die.

0:18:14.950,0:18:18.870
It is a non-necrotic death and the die off of
old cells and

0:18:18.870,0:18:20.100
we get rid of them

0:18:20.100,0:18:22.879
before they have an opportunity to
develop mutations that would lead to

0:18:22.879,0:18:24.210
cancer.

0:18:24.210,0:18:30.320
So enhancing a Proapototic effect diminishes
the risk of the cells become cancerous.

0:18:30.320,0:18:34.690
 So marijuana or THC turns out to be Proapototic

0:18:34.690,0:18:36.150
Those

0:18:36.150,0:18:40.249
appear to be the mechanisms that might
account for these antitumoral effects

0:18:40.249,0:18:47.249
of THC.

0:18:48.840,0:18:50.360
we decided to

0:18:50.360,0:18:50.760
do our own

0:18:50.760,0:18:52.860
case control study.

0:18:52.860,0:18:56.669
Funding from the National Institute on Drug Abuse which is a major funding

0:18:56.669,0:18:59.259
agencie for marijuana research.

0:18:59.259,0:19:01.840
This is the largest study

0:19:01.840,0:19:07.140
ever conducted on this subject. It was very well
designed.

0:19:07.140,0:19:08.870
We used the los angeles

0:19:08.870,0:19:10.490
tumors Registry

0:19:10.490,0:19:13.110
to identify and rapidly ascertaine

0:19:13.110,0:19:17.270
all the cases of lung cancer head neck cancer
cancer

0:19:17.270,0:19:20.990
that were diagnosed in the LA county
system

0:19:20.990,0:19:25.940
and of course by the time we got to some
of them they had already died or were too sick but we got

0:19:25.940,0:19:26.830
to it.

0:19:26.830,0:19:28.830
Over sixty percent of them

0:19:28.830,0:19:31.090
who agreed to participate

0:19:31.090,0:19:34.850
and were able to participate and we administered
this questionaire.

0:19:34.850,0:19:36.799
Then we match them

0:19:36.799,0:19:38.910
to controls

0:19:38.910,0:19:43.330
same age, socioeconomic status, within the
same neighborhood using an algorythm which

0:19:43.330,0:19:45.070
USC developed

0:19:45.070,0:19:47.169
for this.

0:19:47.169,0:19:50.010
So we could match comparing apples with apples.

0:19:50.010,0:19:51.160
WE then administered

0:19:51.160,0:19:55.170
this detailed questionnaires.r

0:19:55.170,0:19:57.330
Also

0:19:57.330,0:19:59.179
In molecular

0:19:59.179,0:20:00.890
we got

0:20:00.890,0:20:04.230
... smears so we could look at

0:20:04.230,0:20:06.440
DNA to look at genetics

0:20:06.440,0:20:08.419
to look at lung cancer.

0:20:08.419,0:20:08.890
So,

0:20:08.890,0:20:12.080
what we did was too

0:20:12.080,0:20:13.500
recruit

0:20:13.500,0:20:17.170
smokers. Heavy smokers of
marijuana

0:20:17.170,0:20:22.150
at least a joint a day for a week and it
ended up that the average smoker of marijuana

0:20:22.150,0:20:23.760
who we recruited

0:20:23.760,0:20:27.420
smoked about 3 joints a day for about 15 years.

0:20:27.420,0:20:29.510
and

0:20:29.510,0:20:33.540
we also required that they smoked that much for
five years but the average they 

0:20:33.540,0:20:37.760
smoked 15 joints for fifteen years so that's =
about 45 to 50

0:20:37.760,0:20:40.990
Joint years. A Joint year is the average number of joints smoked

0:20:40.990,0:20:45.020
times the number of years smoked.

0:20:45.020,0:20:46.440
Over the

0:20:46.440,0:20:48.490
study population

0:20:48.490,0:20:52.990
was I think between 35 and
59

0:20:52.990,0:20:54.510
...

0:20:54.510,0:20:58.100
Of course we thought that they have to be

0:20:58.100,0:21:01.210
teenagers in the early twenties at the
time of the

0:21:01.210,0:21:05.650
marijuana epidemic which
you know was in the in the mid 1960's.

0:21:05.650,0:21:10.690
Prior to that time very few people
used marijuana after that time it just mushroomed

0:21:10.690,0:21:12.640
up to 1979.

0:21:12.640,0:21:15.370
Represented the apex

0:21:15.370,0:21:16.890
that means

0:21:16.890,0:21:17.510
the active use in society.

0:21:17.510,0:21:22.840
that is why we chose those age limits and so would be find (?)

0:21:22.840,0:21:27.419
for any category of cannabis use
including heavy use

0:21:27.419,0:21:29.740
(defined as more than 10 joint years)

0:21:29.740,0:21:32.179
we look at 10, 20,30 years.

0:21:32.179,0:21:34.260
For every category

0:21:34.260,0:21:39.320
of marijuana use the ratio was less than 1 which means reduced risk.

0:21:39.320,0:21:42.630
it was not significantly reduced but it was reduced.

0:21:42.630,0:21:46.540
The compensatables were not that wide

0:21:46.540,0:21:51.880
... so there was
no evidence, we control for all

0:21:51.880,0:21:56.120
accumulated factors of such economic status
in common,

0:21:56.120,0:21:56.879
tobacco smoke

0:21:56.879,0:21:58.570
....

0:21:58.570,0:22:02.680
same time we did a similar study on
tobacco smokers

0:22:02.680,0:22:06.440
there was a huge effect from tobacco.

0:22:06.440,0:22:08.130
...

0:22:08.130,0:22:14.200
...

0:22:14.200,0:22:15.450
...

0:22:15.450,0:22:20.010
...

0:22:20.010,0:22:23.330
...

0:22:23.330,0:22:25.290
...

0:22:25.290,0:22:29.180
...

0:22:29.180,0:22:31.200
...

0:22:31.200,0:22:33.380
...
0:22:33.380,0:22:38.900
...

0:22:38.900,0:22:40.630
...

0:22:40.630,0:22:44.820
...

0:22:44.820,0:22:48.000
...

0:22:48.000,0:22:48.740
...

0:22:48.740,0:22:50.169
So. I am a cancer doctor

0:22:50.169,0:22:53.769
and everyday I see patients with cancer
who have

0:22:53.769,0:22:56.700
nausea from their chemotherapy or their
cancer

0:22:56.700,0:22:58.400
losses appetite

0:22:58.400,0:22:59.730
pain

0:22:59.730,0:23:01.130
depression

0:23:01.130,0:23:03.000
insomnia

0:23:03.000,0:23:07.260
my experience over the past thirty years
of being an oncologist is that

0:23:07.260,0:23:10.210
there's one medicine that I could
recommend to patients that can take care

0:23:10.210,0:23:12.220
of all those problems.

0:23:12.220,0:23:15.990
Instead of writing 5 different
prescription drugs all of which have

0:23:15.990,0:23:17.580
side effects and

0:23:17.580,0:23:18.760
addictive potential.

0:23:18.760,0:23:22.480
I can tell my cancer patients to
try

0:23:22.480,0:23:23.560
marijuana

0:23:23.560,0:23:25.070
to take care of

0:23:25.070,0:23:28.470
any combination of those symptoms.

0:23:28.470,0:23:32.860
The first study that I really wanted to
do was in patience with the so-called

0:23:32.860,0:23:35.860
AIDS wasting syndrome which was
something we saw

0:23:35.860,0:23:40.060
before the availability of antiretroviral drugs and

0:23:40.060,0:23:42.289
patients with HIV infections just

0:23:42.289,0:23:47.290
wasted away. They lost weight they got
diarrhea and fevers.

0:23:47.290,0:23:50.650
Dronabinol delta 9 THC became
available

0:23:50.650,0:23:53.410
to help those patients increase their
appetite.

0:23:53.410,0:23:54.780
When we

0:23:54.780,0:23:57.240
prescribe those patients dronabinol in the

0:23:57.240,0:24:01.840
early 1990's they said "you know this is
okay but I really prefer to smoke

0:24:01.840,0:24:04.600
real cannabis because

0:24:04.600,0:24:05.720
when you take

0:24:05.720,0:24:08.289
cannabis by mouth either as

0:24:08.289,0:24:10.260
delta 9 THC or eating

0:24:10.260,0:24:12.360
in fact baked products

0:24:12.360,0:24:13.600
the

0:24:13.600,0:24:17.840
absorption is very slow and variable so
it takes about two and a half hours

0:24:17.840,0:24:22.170
for peak to be reached and the peak level in 
the blood is quite low and it

0:24:22.170,0:24:25.120
stays in the body for quite a long time
as well.

0:24:25.120,0:24:27.590
Also when taken by mouth

0:24:27.590,0:24:31.730
the delta 9 THC becomes
converted by liver to another

0:24:31.730,0:24:33.630
psychoactive metabolite.

0:24:33.630,0:24:35.920
people that take dronabinol

0:24:35.920,0:24:38.030
or take 

0:24:38.030,0:24:42.570
cannabis baked products often get more zonked (tired)
than people who smoke because when you

0:24:42.570,0:24:45.480
smoke you don't get that second metabolite.

0:24:45.480,0:24:47.080
and so when you smoke you get a

0:24:47.080,0:24:50.650
very rapid peak in the blood of in two and
a half minutes

0:24:50.650,0:24:53.750
as opposed to two and a half hours.

0:24:53.750,0:24:57.950
people can really control the onset
of the activity and

0:24:57.950,0:25:00.830
how long it lasts better if their
smoking

0:25:00.830,0:25:03.510
rather than taking a pill or eating a baked product.

0:25:03.510,0:25:05.870
So,

0:25:05.870,0:25:06.910
our first

0:25:06.910,0:25:08.180
study that we hoped to do

0:25:08.180,0:25:11.080
in the early 1990's was to show that

0:25:11.080,0:25:14.740
smoked cannabis was better
than dronabinol in

0:25:14.740,0:25:18.210
increasing appetite in patients with
AIDS wasting syndrome.

0:25:18.210,0:25:21.250
I tried twice to get

0:25:21.250,0:25:25.340
cannabis from the government because
they're the only legal source of

0:25:25.340,0:25:27.940
marijuana for clinical trials.

0:25:27.940,0:25:30.190
Both times I failed

0:25:30.190,0:25:34.680
and then went to Allen Leshner who at the
time was the head of the

0:25:34.680,0:25:40.370
national institute on drug abuse and he explained
to me infact that the government

0:25:40.370,0:25:44.370
NIDA the national institute on drug
abuse has a congressional mandate only to

0:25:44.370,0:25:48.760
to study substances of abuse as
substances of abuse.

0:25:48.760,0:25:53.720
So my requests have marijuana to study
it has the potential therputic agent could

0:25:53.720,0:25:58.470
never be granted by the government.

0:25:58.470,0:26:01.940
because congress says you can only study these substances as substances of abuse and 

0:26:01.940,0:26:03.090
not as 

0:26:03.090,0:26:05.970
treatments for disease.

0:26:05.970,0:26:10.330
In 1996 the terrain changed 
when we got

0:26:10.330,0:26:12.220
HIV drugs that actually work

0:26:12.220,0:26:14.900
and we didn't see the wasting syndrome
anymore.

0:26:14.900,0:26:20.180
but these drugs were broken down by
liver by the same pathway that

0:26:20.180,0:26:22.050
metabolizes some

0:26:22.050,0:26:24.420
illegal substances and there was a report

0:26:24.420,0:26:26.880
in the literature of the patient

0:26:26.880,0:26:30.870
dying from ecstasy overdose. 
It was one of the aids

0:26:30.870,0:26:32.460
antiviral drugs that they took and

0:26:32.460,0:26:34.210
ecstasy at the same time.

0:26:34.210,0:26:38.370
So I said haha little light bulb went off 
that may be

0:26:38.370,0:26:40.640
I should study to see if it's safe

0:26:40.640,0:26:43.780
for patients on the aids antiretroviral
drugs

0:26:43.780,0:26:46.180
to smoke cannabis.

0:26:46.180,0:26:50.530
So I submitted that grant to the government
and that work within thier schema because I

0:26:50.530,0:26:51.720
was looking

0:26:51.720,0:26:55.320
to see if it was harmful

0:26:55.320,0:26:58.500
With that application I finally
succeeded and got 

0:26:58.500,0:27:01.260
a million dollars and 1400

0:27:01.260,0:27:02.920
government (marijuana)cigarettes to study

0:27:02.920,0:27:06.100
in patients with HIV. Now these
patients didn't have the wasting

0:27:06.100,0:27:07.760
syndrome anymore

0:27:07.760,0:27:10.780
but the endpoint of our study was

0:27:10.780,0:27:14.850
is there a change in the amount of the
aids virus in the blood stream

0:27:14.850,0:27:18.479
after 21 days of exposure to
either 3

0:27:18.479,0:27:19.610
government cigarettes

0:27:19.610,0:27:20.860
a day

0:27:20.860,0:27:22.600
or three

0:27:22.600,0:27:26.640
dronabinol capsules or 3 placibo capsules.

0:27:26.640,0:27:31.310
We looked at the change in the HIV virus and 
it didn't change at all.

0:27:31.310,0:27:34.230
We also look at the interaction between

0:27:34.230,0:27:35.559
canabinoids 

0:27:35.559,0:27:40.220
either smoke more oral and the amount of
AIDS drug

0:27:40.220,0:27:41.120
in blood stream

0:27:41.120,0:27:44.460
that didn't change clinically
significantly either.

0:27:44.460,0:27:47.450
We also knew that people were concerned
that

0:27:47.450,0:27:51.240
marijuana might have an impact on the
immune system that could be negative

0:27:51.240,0:27:56.080
and we look at that very carefully in
these HIV patients and found

0:27:56.080,0:27:58.830
no evidence of any negative affect 

0:27:58.830,0:28:00.670
and perhaps some have

0:28:00.670,0:28:02.110
a benefit

0:28:02.110,0:28:04.110
in the immune system

0:28:04.110,0:28:05.380
in patients

0:28:05.380,0:28:08.600
smoking even more than taking the

0:28:08.600,0:28:09.370
capsules.

0:28:09.370,0:28:11.570
My opinion the whole plant

0:28:11.570,0:28:12.630
is medicine

0:28:12.630,0:28:14.929
that nature provided.

0:28:14.929,0:28:18.770
It's the best medicine.

0:28:18.770,0:28:20.050
It is truly amazing

0:28:20.050,0:28:24.210
the number of conditions that respond
favorably to cannabis. The #1

0:28:24.210,0:28:25.140
condition

0:28:25.140,0:28:26.640
is pain.

0:28:26.640,0:28:27.840
Cannabis

0:28:27.840,0:28:31.480
is useful again relieving people's pain

0:28:31.480,0:28:36.370
and is particularly effective in relieving
pain from connective tissue disorders.

0:28:36.370,0:28:40.390
Arthritis, Fibromyalgia,
 systemic lupus, reflex

0:28:40.390,0:28:43.970
sympathetic dystrophy. A whole host of
conditions that we don't really

0:28:43.970,0:28:47.049
understand very well, people seem to get

0:28:47.049,0:28:52.529
good relief from cannabis. People are able
to decreased the amount of opiates that

0:28:52.529,0:28:57.630
they're taking and in some instances to
stop taking opiates entirely for pain

0:28:57.630,0:28:58.920
control.

0:28:58.920,0:29:01.850
The first modern research that was done

0:29:01.850,0:29:05.080
cannabis was done in 1949

0:29:05.080,0:29:09.060
demonstrate its usefulness in treating
epilepsy. I have a number of people

0:29:09.060,0:29:13.040
who don't have epilepsy when they
use cannabis regularly.

0:29:13.040,0:29:17.170
The founder of modern medicine is a Physician named 
Sir William Osler.

0:29:17.170,0:29:20.450
Who was prominent around the turn of the

0:29:20.450,0:29:24.100
nineteenth or twentieth century, wrote
the first textbook of internal medicine

0:29:24.100,0:29:25.760
and in that textbook

0:29:25.760,0:29:29.770
he said the cannabis was the most
effective medication for the treatment

0:29:29.770,0:29:35.440
of migraine headaches and I certainly
have a number of people with migraines that get

0:29:35.440,0:29:40.400
substantial relief or even prevention of
migraines by consumption of cannabis.

0:29:40.400,0:29:45.370
other conditions that common respond
favorably to marijuana include depression,

0:29:45.370,0:29:48.169
helps people with sleep, helps with
appetite.

0:29:48.169,0:29:50.659
It is also very good training

0:29:50.659,0:29:53.669
GI symptoms, nausea,

0:29:53.669,0:29:55.100
diarrhea,

0:29:55.100,0:29:57.809
it is excellent for treating Crohn's
disease.

0:29:57.809,0:30:01.769
We did a little study of people with
crohn's disease and found that many of

0:30:01.769,0:30:06.420
them were able to stop using steroids to
stop using other

0:30:06.420,0:30:10.220
medications that they had taken for
their cronies that they have

0:30:10.220,0:30:15.670
less diarrhea they had less abdomenal
pain. it was true miracle for them.

0:30:15.670,0:30:16.070
There is a

0:30:16.070,0:30:19.020
list here of

0:30:19.020,0:30:20.289
conditions

0:30:20.289,0:30:22.950
that was originally developed by

0:30:22.950,0:30:25.440
doctor Tod Mikuriya. Who is a

0:30:25.440,0:30:26.370
pioneer

0:30:26.370,0:30:28.410
in terms of medical marijuana.

0:30:28.410,0:30:31.660
He actually work for the national
institute of mental health and his job

0:30:31.660,0:30:33.549
was to give out

0:30:33.549,0:30:36.450
grants for doing studies on cannabis.

0:30:36.450,0:30:38.880
he thought he was there to find out

0:30:38.880,0:30:42.880
how cannabis was useful to treat medical
conditions.

0:30:42.880,0:30:46.740
NIMH thought he was there to hand out
grants to see how

0:30:46.740,0:30:50.590
dangerous it was. This was a
marriage made hell and needless to say he did

0:30:50.590,0:30:55.309
not stay with NIMH for very long.

0:30:55.309,0:30:58.180
Cannabis is seen as a

0:30:58.180,0:30:59.779
protecting agent

0:30:59.779,0:31:00.720
and we have found

0:31:00.720,0:31:05.010
that it has provided benefits for people
with multiple sclerosis.

0:31:05.010,0:31:08.370
it treats the pain in
their muscle spasm

0:31:08.370,0:31:10.290
but more importantly

0:31:10.290,0:31:12.700
people who were placed on Sativex

0:31:12.700,0:31:14.799
the tincture of cannabis

0:31:14.799,0:31:17.950
in early studies in great britain have
remained on it

0:31:17.950,0:31:19.930
for years and years

0:31:19.930,0:31:25.000
and rather than progress the
multiple sclerosis has stayed the same.

0:31:25.000,0:31:25.920
Suggesting

0:31:25.920,0:31:30.410
that cannabis may not only be effective in
reducing the symptoms

0:31:30.410,0:31:33.550
but also in slowing the progression of
disease.

0:31:33.550,0:31:35.309
it is helpful when dealing with

0:31:35.309,0:31:37.940
anxiety of people that have alzheimer's
disease.

0:31:37.940,0:31:39.760
It is helpful in dealing with the

0:31:39.760,0:31:44.179
muscle spasms that are associated with
parkinson's disease.

0:31:44.179,0:31:48.390
When it comes to psychological illnesses
cannabis is useful not only treating

0:31:48.390,0:31:52.170
depression which are already mentioned
about also bipolar disorder which is

0:31:52.170,0:31:53.679
depression and mania.

0:31:53.679,0:31:57.529
It is useful in treating (ADD) attention
deficit disorder,

0:31:57.529,0:32:00.830
post-traumatic stress disorder 
there was a study done at the Max Plank

0:32:00.830,0:32:02.520
Institute in Germany.

0:32:02.520,0:32:06.669
A few years back that demonstrated it
was used for 

0:32:06.669,0:32:10.120
reducing fearful memory so that might
suggest white

0:32:10.120,0:32:12.030
is used for 

0:32:12.030,0:32:16.040
alleviating PTSD. This is
extremely important at this time when we

0:32:16.040,0:32:16.929
have

0:32:16.929,0:32:21.559
so many people who are serving multiple
tours in Iraq and Afghanistan.

0:32:21.559,0:32:25.750
the pentagon has projected that at least
a third of these people and I think

0:32:25.750,0:32:28.120
that is a very conservative
estimate

0:32:28.120,0:32:32.080
will come back up with the symptoms
of PTSD.

0:32:32.080,0:32:34.860
Matter of fact in regards to PTSD

0:32:34.860,0:32:38.590
of both the Israeli government and the
Croatian government have given their

0:32:38.590,0:32:45.450
troops cannabis for treatment of PTSD.

0:32:45.450,0:32:48.020
The list just goes on and on.

0:32:48.020,0:32:52.670
Many many conditions cause pain
serious conditions

0:32:52.670,0:32:57.770
... spondylitis which can actually turn you over or make you bend over

0:32:57.770,0:33:00.760
in a crippled position.

0:33:00.760,0:33:02.640
People who have failed

0:33:02.640,0:33:04.510
back surgery.

0:33:04.510,0:33:06.110
People who have

0:33:06.110,0:33:08.970
herniated disks,

0:33:08.970,0:33:12.049
who have chronic dislocated shoulders.

0:33:12.049,0:33:15.190
All of these people

0:33:15.190,0:33:17.050
get relief from cannabis

0:33:17.050,0:33:19.909
and they find that the cannabis provides
that relief

0:33:19.909,0:33:22.250
with fewer side effects

0:33:22.250,0:33:24.520
than the opiates do.

0:33:24.520,0:33:29.240
Another thing that is sort of counter intuitive
 

0:33:29.240,0:33:31.500
is in the treatment of asthma.

0:33:31.500,0:33:36.110
You may have seen the ads for Advair
states both the bronco dialator and

0:33:36.110,0:33:37.450
anti-inflammatory.

0:33:37.450,0:33:39.260
Well so too is cannabis.

0:33:39.260,0:33:43.170
This is why ther were numerous

0:33:43.170,0:33:45.140
marijuana cigarettes on the market

0:33:45.140,0:33:49.559
in the 1920's for the
treatment of asthma specifically for at

0:33:49.559,0:33:52.340
the treatment of asthma.

0:33:52.340,0:33:54.580
So as I

0:33:54.580,0:33:56.750
pointed out by holding up this list the

0:33:56.750,0:34:00.059
a list of conditions for which cannabis

0:34:00.059,0:34:06.280
is useful is extremely lengthly.

0:34:06.280,0:34:11.019
That's a quick overview of some of the
conditions that cannabis 

0:34:11.019,0:34:14.619
is useful in treating.

0:34:14.619,0:34:18.470
Most people tend to take cannabis at
least in the evening

0:34:18.470,0:34:20.869
some people take it more often than that

0:34:20.869,0:34:25.579
and the reason is that many of these
conditions interfere with sleep and then

0:34:25.579,0:34:30.849
there are some people who just have
sleep problems, have insomnia difficulty.

0:34:30.849,0:34:34.499
Cannabis is very useful assisting people
and going to sleep.

0:34:34.499,0:34:37.260
Now if they have difficulty staying
asleep

0:34:37.260,0:34:38.360
in addition to

0:34:38.360,0:34:42.229
smoking or vaporizing or using it sublingually

0:34:42.229,0:34:47.159
they should also use it as an edible or
drink it because it will kick in

0:34:47.159,0:34:49.519
45 minutes into their sleep

0:34:49.519,0:34:56.519
and it will be affective for about 5
to 6 hours.

0:34:56.849,0:34:58.109
There are a number of was

0:34:58.109,0:35:00.080
of administering

0:35:00.080,0:35:03.189
cannabis.

0:35:03.189,0:35:06.359
Smoking and vaporizing cause the

0:35:06.359,0:35:09.119
chemicals to get into the body upstream

0:35:09.119,0:35:09.880
of the liver.

0:35:09.880,0:35:12.889
So you have unmetabolized cannabinoids

0:35:12.889,0:35:15.359
that are going to the brain.

0:35:15.359,0:35:20.480
Now this doesn't mean that when the cannabinoids
go to the liver that they

0:35:20.480,0:35:22.439
are inactivated

0:35:22.439,0:35:26.449
but it means that they're different
85 percent of the cannabinoid is

0:35:26.449,0:35:30.789
metabolize on its first pass to
liver.

0:35:30.789,0:35:32.739
The other thing is that

0:35:32.739,0:35:36.809
when it goes to the brain immediately
by the

0:35:36.809,0:35:38.260
respitory route of administration

0:35:38.260,0:35:41.220
the effect will be in 15-30
seconds.

0:35:41.220,0:35:44.489
Whereas if we wait for it to go through the GI Tract

0:35:44.489,0:35:45.529
to deliver

0:35:45.529,0:35:49.829
it will take 45 minutes before
its effective.

0:35:49.829,0:35:52.239
Now each one of those routes of
administration

0:35:52.239,0:35:54.339
is going to give you a slightly different

0:35:54.339,0:35:56.319
mix of chemicals

0:35:56.319,0:35:57.959
because when you smoke it you

0:35:57.959,0:35:58.940
are oxygenating the chemicals that are in there.

0:35:58.940,0:36:02.700
So when you are vaporizing

0:36:02.700,0:36:07.430
the cannabinoids that are behind where

0:36:07.430,0:36:08.769
the flame is

0:36:08.769,0:36:12.309
you're also burning

0:36:12.309,0:36:13.420
them right at the

0:36:13.420,0:36:14.380
junction.

0:36:14.380,0:36:19.420
So that smoked marijuana is not identical
to vaporizing marijuana.

0:36:19.420,0:36:24.169
With the vaporized marijuana all the
volitalized oils

0:36:24.169,0:36:27.899
will be vaporized by the time you get to 340 degrees C

0:36:27.899,0:36:28.909
...

0:36:28.909,0:36:30.219
You will have removed

0:36:30.219,0:36:34.920
or been exposed to about 70
percent fewer irritants

0:36:34.920,0:36:36.419
then when you smoke it.

0:36:36.419,0:36:40.699
It also has a somewhat different odor
it doesn't have the characteristic

0:36:40.699,0:36:42.410
classic burn rope odor

0:36:42.410,0:36:43.920
it has more of a 

0:36:43.920,0:36:45.059
nutty odor.

0:36:45.059,0:36:47.180
Now when you eat marijuana

0:36:47.180,0:36:52.099
you're going to have metabolized
85 percent of cannabinoids.

0:36:52.099,0:36:52.819
People

0:36:52.819,0:36:56.799
who eat it talk about having a body high as
opposed to

0:36:56.799,0:36:58.220
mind high.

0:36:58.220,0:37:03.679
That is because you are being exposed to
different combination of cannabinoids.

0:37:03.679,0:37:07.250
Now some people have found that an
under the tongue spray

0:37:07.250,0:37:08.149
which is

0:37:08.149,0:37:10.240
what Sativex is,

0:37:10.240,0:37:14.479
SAtivex is analcohol extract of the
whole plant

0:37:14.479,0:37:16.209
which combines

0:37:16.209,0:37:19.579
extracts from two plants one that is high in THC

0:37:19.579,0:37:21.209
for it's theraputic value

0:37:21.209,0:37:24.999
and another that is high in CBD

0:37:24.999,0:37:26.769
to keep down the

0:37:26.769,0:37:31.349
euphoria.

0:37:31.349,0:37:36.789
When you spray it under the tongue it will be
effective in about 15 minutes

0:37:36.789,0:37:42.839
But it will go to the brain first before going
through the liver.

0:37:42.839,0:37:46.400
On the other hand there are many people in canada where
Sativex is legal

0:37:46.400,0:37:48.880
that find that they still preferr

0:37:48.880,0:37:49.859
cannabis

0:37:49.859,0:37:51.929
to Sativex

0:37:51.929,0:37:53.959
Now sativex

0:37:53.959,0:37:56.309
is prescribed in canada

0:37:56.309,0:37:58.199
and it appears as though

0:37:58.199,0:38:02.649
the british government and or the
spanish government might also approve

0:38:02.649,0:38:05.100
sativex in the near future

0:38:05.100,0:38:07.840
for sale as a pharmaceutical

0:38:07.840,0:38:10.729
in their country.

0:38:10.729,0:38:15.940
The US food drug administration (FDA)found
that Sativex, basically liquid marijuana

0:38:15.940,0:38:21.289
was safe enough to be tested on
americans and they approved a phase 3

0:38:21.289,0:38:25.349
clinical study, phase 3 just means
human beings, in

0:38:25.349,0:38:27.509
december of 2005

0:38:27.509,0:38:33.329
to determine whether or not this under
the tongue tincture spray was useful in

0:38:33.329,0:38:35.450
 intractable pain of

0:38:35.450,0:38:36.849
people with cancer.

0:38:36.849,0:38:42.599
This study did not gets started until
2007 and still on going.

0:38:42.599,0:38:47.569
There have been numerous studies with
cannabis and tincture of cannabis

0:38:47.569,0:38:49.349
and pain that have shown it

0:38:49.349,0:38:51.010
is useful in

0:38:51.010,0:38:53.389
releaving pain.

0:38:53.389,0:38:57.679
We talked about under the tongue we've
talked about smoking talked about being

0:38:57.679,0:38:58.529
vaporization.

0:38:58.529,0:39:00.019
There's also

0:39:00.019,0:39:01.839
these synthetic delta 9 THC

0:39:01.839,0:39:05.969
that can be taken orally just like edibles.

0:39:05.969,0:39:07.079
...

0:39:07.079,0:39:10.329
The main problem with edibles is that

0:39:10.329,0:39:14.009
it's hard to tell whether you're going
to get a dose that is going to just deal

0:39:14.009,0:39:17.009
with the therapeutic needs that you have

0:39:17.009,0:39:20.910
whether it's going to give you euphoria 
or whether it is going to give you disphoria

0:39:20.910,0:39:22.140
you need to have

0:39:22.140,0:39:25.029
the regular supply so that you

0:39:25.029,0:39:28.689
can be fairly certain that you're going
to take the amount that will be the

0:39:28.689,0:39:34.479
therapeutic dose and not an amount that will
give you dysphoric

0:39:34.479,0:39:35.829
side-effects.

0:39:35.829,0:39:37.349
Lastly

0:39:37.349,0:39:40.130
the .... who are healers in

0:39:40.130,0:39:43.059
southern mexico and central america

0:39:43.059,0:39:46.359
have used tincture of cannabis as part of their

0:39:46.359,0:39:48.269
therapeutic ...

0:39:48.269,0:39:53.579
for at least 200 years.
The topical application of tincture of cannabis

0:39:53.579,0:39:56.480
is useful particularly on the small joints

0:39:56.480,0:39:57.930
the fingers and toes

0:39:57.930,0:40:01.489
in dealing with pain associated with
arthritis

0:40:01.489,0:40:04.819
and the reason for this is that cannabis

0:40:04.819,0:40:06.609
is both an Analgesic,

0:40:06.609,0:40:09.109
a painkiller and anti-inflammatory

0:40:09.109,0:40:13.769
and we know this not only from the
evidence that we have

0:40:13.769,0:40:18.380
but also from thousands of studies have
been done around the world

0:40:18.380,0:40:19.249
with

0:40:19.249,0:40:24.170
mainly with animals and sometimes tissue
culture.

0:40:24.170,0:40:28.549
International Cannabinoid research society's
been around for about 20 years

0:40:28.549,0:40:30.799
and the have

0:40:30.799,0:40:34.009
conferences each year the last three
days in which researchers from all over

0:40:34.009,0:40:35.309
the world

0:40:35.309,0:40:39.959
talk about the results they have gotten

0:40:39.959,0:40:41.829
doing basic science studies.

0:40:41.829,0:40:42.869
Any drug 

0:40:42.869,0:40:46.359
that a doctors considering
recommending or prescribing they need to

0:40:46.359,0:40:50.049
balance off the therapeutic effects with
the side-effects.

0:40:50.049,0:40:53.800
When you talk about the treatment of
pain for many people

0:40:53.800,0:40:57.019
the opiates are very effective pain
killers

0:40:57.019,0:40:58.599
but for some people

0:40:58.599,0:41:03.430
the opiates cause confusion they make it
difficult for them to concentrate

0:41:03.430,0:41:05.380
difficult for them to drive

0:41:05.380,0:41:08.509
they don't enjoy playing with their kids
and their grandkids

0:41:08.509,0:41:11.409
it causes them constipation.

0:41:11.409,0:41:12.839
with cannabis

0:41:12.839,0:41:17.089
for many of those people they find
that it certainly does not give them

0:41:17.089,0:41:18.079
constipation

0:41:18.079,0:41:20.659
and does not cause them confusion

0:41:20.659,0:41:23.459
provides them with sufficient relief
from their pain

0:41:23.459,0:41:27.129
that they can go about their activities
of daily living they can drive their car

0:41:27.129,0:41:29.169
without the interference

0:41:29.169,0:41:32.389
and more importantly they can have fun
they can play with their children they

0:41:32.389,0:41:35.309
can play with their grandchildren.

0:41:35.309,0:41:38.619
I wouldn't necessarily say that
across the board

0:41:38.619,0:41:42.829
cannabis is to be used instead of
opiates

0:41:42.829,0:41:47.030
but I would say that for many people it
can be used to instead of opiates

0:41:47.030,0:41:50.460
and for others it can be used in
conjunction with opiates and they can

0:41:50.460,0:41:52.730
use a lower dose of the opiates

0:41:52.730,0:41:57.489
and hopefully have fewer side effects.

0:41:57.489,0:41:58.170
Now any theriputic agent

0:41:58.170,0:41:59.489
that we know of

0:41:59.489,0:42:01.109
has some side effects

0:42:01.109,0:42:03.749
and marijuana is no exception.

0:42:03.749,0:42:05.420
The main side-effect to the

0:42:05.420,0:42:06.660
use of marijuana

0:42:06.660,0:42:09.249
is from smoking it and that is cough.

0:42:09.249,0:42:11.229
So that can be completely avoid

0:42:11.229,0:42:13.479
by easting it or drinking

0:42:13.479,0:42:17.119
and it can be largly avoided by vaporizing it.

0:42:17.119,0:42:19.419
One of the things that is talked about a lot

0:42:19.419,0:42:24.039
is that you can have a panic reaction and that is 

0:42:24.039,0:42:26.209
possible it most commonly occurs

0:42:26.209,0:42:27.400
in  people who

0:42:27.400,0:42:29.109
are novices users.

0:42:29.109,0:42:29.430
Particularly

0:42:29.430,0:42:31.929
if they've been exposed to plant

0:42:31.929,0:42:35.180
that is very high in THC.

0:42:35.180,0:42:36.849
Another thing that

0:42:36.849,0:42:38.999
people sometimes have is

0:42:38.999,0:42:40.829
paranoid thinking

0:42:40.829,0:42:42.399
police are after them.

0:42:42.399,0:42:44.160
I've noticed that this is not nearly

0:42:44.160,0:42:48.239
used common since it has become legal
becausethe police are not after them

0:42:48.239,0:42:50.819
and so it may not be paranoia

0:42:50.819,0:42:52.899
that people were experiencing but

0:42:52.899,0:42:56.819
an exaggerated perception of reality

0:42:56.819,0:42:57.779
and one of the things 

0:42:57.779,0:43:02.229
we have lost as a result of the

0:43:02.229,0:43:05.729
propaganda miss information that is
spread about cannabis

0:43:05.729,0:43:10.059
is the fact that it has legitimate
therapeutic value and we have

0:43:10.059,0:43:11.939
discouraged research.

0:43:11.939,0:43:15.369
We have a dramatic discouraged research
in this country and

0:43:15.369,0:43:19.009
numerous other countries including

0:43:19.009,0:43:20.709
england israel spain

0:43:20.709,0:43:21.319
germany

0:43:21.319,0:43:24.639
are far ahead of us in terms of

0:43:24.639,0:43:29.009
quantity of research they are doing on the
medicinal value of cannabis.

0:43:29.009,0:43:30.969
This is particularly alarming

0:43:30.969,0:43:34.429
in these economic times when we certainly
could

0:43:34.429,0:43:37.349
use the economic stimulus and

0:43:37.349,0:43:38.189
boost that would come

0:43:38.189,0:43:43.660
from having pharmaceutical cannabis
available in the country

0:43:43.660,0:43:45.319
as it is now in Canada

0:43:45.319,0:43:47.699
and possibly soon will be

0:43:47.699,0:43:49.809
england and spain.

0:43:49.809,0:43:51.699
Jefferson said that

0:43:51.699,0:43:57.459
this country would be in dire straits if
we have laws that

0:43:57.459,0:44:00.709
interfered with what we put into our own
bodies.

0:44:00.709,0:44:02.229
Are we not

0:44:02.229,0:44:05.959
in control of our own bodies?

0:44:05.959,0:44:19.959
If the people let the government decide what foods they eat
and what medicines they take, their bidies will soon be in as sorry a state as are the souls of those who love under tyrany
Quote- Thomas Jefferson

0:44:20.919,0:44:27.919
Make the most of the Indian Hemp seed and sow it everywhere.
Quote- George Washington

0:44:35.679,0:44:42.679
...

0:44:43.949,0:44:46.949
...

0:44:46.949,0:44:51.309
Marijuana is a medicine that patients themselves can grow.

0:44:51.309,0:44:55.489
For people with cancer who may be
facing

0:44:55.489,0:44:58.899
thinking about the end of their life to
be able to grow

0:44:58.899,0:45:05.140
a plant in work in the garden and
produce their own medicine is very empowering.

0:45:05.140,0:45:06.279
Something that

0:45:06.279,0:45:10.569
I think does a patient a lot of good.

0:45:10.569,0:45:12.010
Marijuana is illegal

0:45:12.010,0:45:13.169
and the government

0:45:13.169,0:45:16.009
does not sponsor this kind of research.

0:45:16.009,0:45:19.209
In view of the fact that large
numbers of people are 

0:45:19.209,0:45:23.789
using marijuana medicinally I think
it's a shame that

0:45:23.789,0:45:29.149
there is no investment in this kind of
research.

0:45:29.149,0:45:31.339
I think that there is a very bright future

0:45:31.339,0:45:33.529
for medical cannabis in this country.

0:45:33.529,0:45:36.259
I grew up around drugs

0:45:36.259,0:45:40.749
but to me drugs are a good thing. I walked into
building 

0:45:40.749,0:45:43.519
everyday almost of my

0:45:43.519,0:45:46.489
first 18 years that had a 13 foot tall sign that said

0:45:46.489,0:45:49.869
Drugs... my father was a
pharmacist and

0:45:49.869,0:45:52.900
we sold medication.

0:45:52.900,0:45:55.789
As far as I am concerned medication is helpful to people

0:45:55.789,0:45:57.739
I don't think that

0:45:57.739,0:46:01.910
medication has personality and sits on
the self until

0:46:01.910,0:46:04.169
you prescribe it for somebody.

0:46:04.169,0:46:06.029
It has

0:46:06.029,0:46:06.510
beneficial use

0:46:06.510,0:46:13.510
and has side effects and should only be used
when necessary.

0:46:28.380,0:46:32.630
...

0:46:32.630,0:46:33.690
...

0:46:33.690,0:46:39.939
...

0:46:39.939,0:46:43.299
...

0:46:43.299,0:46:48.199
...

0:46:48.199,0:46:55.199
...

0:46:55.789,0:46:59.819
...